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12 Things You Should Do in Your 20s
30 May 2016 at 1:37pm
Your 20s are your selfish years and it's a decade where you immerse yourself in everything around you and the world out there. Ensure you are selfish with your time, look after yourself, pay attent...
Do College Students Care More About Mental Health Than Administrators?
30 May 2016 at 12:18pm
"Our administration doesn't care about us, so I'm here to learn how I can do something to help students with mental health problems on my campus. " Last month, I was teaching a breakout about ment...
The Single Piece of Advice That Changed the Course of My Career
30 May 2016 at 11:06am
When I started my last corporate job, I asked experienced co-workers for advice and best-practices, and most of them told me something like: "Try to get in front of important people." That's corpo...
9 Bad Habits You Must Break to Be More Productive
30 May 2016 at 7:34am
Nothing sabotages your productivity quite like bad habits. They are insidious, creeping up on you slowly until you don't even notice the damage they're causing. Bad habits slow you down, decrease ...
Merrick Garland Champions Work In Public Service During Commencement Address
30 May 2016 at 3:37am
Share Events on The Cube Despite the ongoing senatorial struggle over his confirmation, Supreme Court nominee Merrick Garland spent his Memorial Day weekend urging the next generation to take...
Harry Edwards Tells Graduates To Become The Next 'Greatest Generation'
29 May 2016 at 4:33pm
Becoming the next "greatest generation" was the challenge sociologist and political activist Harry Edwards laid out for San Jose State University graduates during a commencement address Saturday.

E...
University Of North Carolina Won't Enforce Anti-Trans Bathroom Bill
29 May 2016 at 12:10pm
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To Those Who Can't Go To College: Dreams Don't Have Expiration Dates
28 May 2016 at 10:10am
To the graduating class that can't go to college, It's the end of May. This is the month where tons of students are graduating high school. For months now, students have been talking about what co...
Harry Connick, Jr. Tells Grads: It's Exciting If You Don't Have Your Career P...
27 May 2016 at 5:14pm
If a college graduate has no idea what they're going to do with their careers, Harry Connick, Jr. thinks that's an exciting prospect.

The actor and musician spoke at Loyola University New Orleans' ...
Iran Punishes Dozens Of Partying College Students With 99 Lashes Each
27 May 2016 at 2:19pm
More than 30 Iranian college students who were caught partying at a recent graduation celebration were promptly arrested and given 99 lashes each.

The mixed-gender party in the northern city of Qaz...
States Investing The Most In Higher Education
27 May 2016 at 1:45pm
The total cost of attending college in the United States has risen dramatically in recent decades — faster than inflation and faster than wage growth.

-- This feed and its contents are the property...
How Technology Hijacks People's Minds
27 May 2016 at 1:04pm
From a Magician and Google's Design Ethicist Estimated reading time: 12 minutes. I'm an expert on how technology hijacks our psychological vulnerabilities. That's why I spent the last three years...
Why Wouldn't a Christian University Take Sexual Assault Seriously?
27 May 2016 at 12:32pm
Baylor University is in turmoil right now. The president has been demoted. The football coach is suspended with termination likely. The largest Baptist university in the country has failed to take ...
My Tunes for Music and Life
27 May 2016 at 12:11pm
by Morgan Thompson Someone always blasts KE$HA or Bruno Mars - something excessively mainstream - in the student lounge. I die a little bit inside whenever I'm forced to hear the tuneless, overp...

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Colleges:
College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. More broadly, it can be the name of any group of colleagues (see, for example electoral college, College of Arms, College of Cardinals). Originally, it meant a group of persons living together under a common set of rules (con- = "together" + leg- = "law" or lego = "I choose"); indeed, some colleges call their members "fellows". The precise usage of the term varies among English-speaking countries.

1. The Origin of the United States Usage:
The founders of the first institutions of higher education in the United States were graduates of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The small institutions they founded would not have seemed to them like universities — they were tiny and did not offer the higher degrees in medicine and theology. Furthermore, they were not composed of several small colleges. Instead, the new institutions felt like the Oxford and Cambridge colleges they were used to — small communities, housing and feeding their students, with instruction from residential tutors (as in the United Kingdom, described above). When the first students came to be graduated, these "colleges" assumed the right to confer degrees upon them, usually with authority -- for example, the College of William and Mary has a Royal Charter from the British monarchy allowing it to confer degrees while Dartmouth College has a charter permitting it to award degrees "as are usually granted in either of the universities, or any other college in our realm of Great Britain."

Contrast this with Europe, where only universities could grant degrees. The leaders of Harvard College (which granted America's first degrees in 1642) might have thought of their college as the first of many residential colleges which would grow up into a New Cambridge university. However, over time, few new colleges were founded there, and Harvard grew and added higher faculties. Eventually, it changed its title to university, but the term "college" had stuck and "colleges" have arisen across the United States.

Eventually, several prominent colleges/universities were started to train Christian ministers. Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Brown all started to train preachers in the subjects of Bible and theology. However, now these universities teach theology as a more academic than ministerial discipline.

With the rise of Christian education, renowned seminaries and Bible colleges have continued the original purpose of these universities. Criswell College and Dallas Theological Seminary in Dallas; Southern Seminary in Louisville; Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois; and Wheaton College and Graduate School in Wheaton, Illinois are just a few of the institutions that have influenced higher education in Theology in Philosophy to this day.

2. Origin of U.S. State Colleges: The Morrill Act:
In addition to private colleges and universities, the U.S. also has a system of government funded, public universities, also, in many cases, known as State Colleges. This system arose in order to make higher education more easily accessible to the citizenry of the country, specifically to improve agricultural systems by providing training and scholarship in the production and sales of agricultural products, and to provide formal education in “…agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that seemed practical at the time.”

In the 1860s, when this act was established, the original colleges on the east coast, primarily those of the Ivy League and several religious based colleges, were the only form of higher education available, and were often confined only to the children of the elite. A movement arose to bring a form of more practical higher education to the masses, as “…many politicians and educators wanted to make it possible for all young Americans to receive some sort of advanced education.” In 1862 Congress passed a measure that “…made it possible for the new western states to establish colleges for the citizens.”. This was extended to allow all states that had remained with the union during the American Civil War, and eventually all states, to establish such institutions.

Most of the colleges established under the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act have since gone on to become full universities. Some are amongst the elite of the world.

3. The Rest of the English-Speaking World:
Influenced by their origins in the British Empire, by contact with and sometimes imitation of U.S. academia, and even by modern American pop culture, the rest of the English-speaking world seems to have adopted a mix of the U.S. and British practices.

4. United Kingdom:
British usage of the word "college" remains the loosest, encompassing a range of institutions:

* Colleges of further education and adult education.
* "Sixth form colleges", where students study for A Levels, and some specialist schools
* The constituent parts of collegiate universities, especially referring to the independent colleges that make up the * Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and the London, and which provide accommodation and pastoral services at St Andrews and Durham.
* The non-independent constituent parts of collegiate universities such as Kent, Lancaster and York.
Universities, such as Imperial College London (officially a university) and University College London and King's College London (which are universities de facto).
* A name given to large groupings of faculties or departments, notably in the University of Edinburgh, and possibly the University of Birmingham under restructuring plans.
* University Colleges — independent higher education institutions that have been granted degree-awarding powers but not university status.
* Certain private schools (known as "Public" schools in England) for children such as Eton and Winchester.
* Professional associations such as the Royal College of Organists, the Royal College of Surgeons and other various Royal Colleges.
* The College of Justice or Court of Session of Scotland

In general use, a "college" is an institution between secondary school and university, a college of further education and adult education. These institutions were usually called technical colleges, or tech. Recently, however, with the differences in functionality between universities and colleges becoming less clear-cut, and with the phasing out of polytechnical colleges, many people are starting to call such institutions "universities". Many types of institutions have "college" in their names but are not colleges in the general use of the word; Eton College, for example, would be called not a college, but a school, or by its full name.

In relation to universities, the term college normally refers to a part of the university which does not have degree-awarding powers in itself. Degrees are always awarded by universities, colleges are institutions or organisations which prepare students for the degree. In some cases, colleges prepare students for the degree of a university of which the college is a part (eg colleges of the University of London, University of Cambridge, etc.) and in some cases colleges are independent institutions which prepare students to sit as external candidates at other universities (e.g. many higher education colleges prepare students to sit for external examinations of universities).[citation needed] In the past, many of what are now universities with their own degree-awarding powers were colleges which had their degrees awarded by either a federal university (eg Cardiff University) or another university (e.g. many of the post-1992 universities).

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