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As Migrant Crisis Hits US Border, Texas Town Keeps It Classy
31 Jul 2014 at 1:40pm
By Rick Brunson UCF Forum columnist It's a sweltering summer Sunday night in El Paso, Texas, at the city's new downtown baseball stadium, where the local Triple-A team, the Chihuahuas, is leading ...
Children's Home Fires Gay Employee For Presenting 'Damaging' Lifestyle
31 Jul 2014 at 1:04pm
Texas Tech University student and children?s social worker Casey Stegall was fired earlier this month by the Children?s Home of Lubbock after introducing his teenage clients to his fiancÚ during a ...
Teens Fight Back Against Ronald And The Burger King With Catchy Rap Song
31 Jul 2014 at 1:00pm
There are a number of reasons not to say "I'm lovin' it" to fast food in America, but these Oakland, California-based kids say it in a powerful, catchy way: With a rap song. In this film from Muse...
Party Lines Fall By Wayside For Bipartisan College Rape Bills
31 Jul 2014 at 12:41pm
A flurry of legislation filed this week aiming to address college sexual assault suggests Republican lawmakers have ignored conservative pundits' insistence there is no campus rape epidemic. A da...
Adjunct Faculty Would Get Student Debt Wiped Away Under New Proposal
31 Jul 2014 at 12:31pm
Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) dropped a new bill Thursday that would potentially eliminate thousands of dollars in student loan debt for adjunct professors. Citing that more than half of all faculty a...
Oklahoma Lawmakers In Showdown With College Leaders Over Guns On Campus
31 Jul 2014 at 12:26pm
By Heide Brandes OKLAHOMA CITY, July 31 (Reuters) - Two Oklahoma lawmakers are pushing to have college students and faculty carrying firearms, a move they said would enhance safety...
Cybersex Instructional Video From 1997 Is So Bad It's Good (But Still Bad)
31 Jul 2014 at 12:22pm
Dear single people of the world: do you ever find yourself at home on a Saturday night, cursing your lame Tinder matches and wishing there was more to your sex life? Well, cry no more; "How To Hav...
UVA Student Getting $212,500 Settlement Over Arrest For Buying Bottled Water
31 Jul 2014 at 10:23am
RICHMOND, Va. (AP) -- A college student who says she fled in terror when undercover officers who thought she had illegally bought beer swarmed her SUV has reached a $212,500 settlement with the sta...
Nicki Minaj's 'Anaconda' Cover Reveals Something Way Bigger Than Her Butt
31 Jul 2014 at 10:15am
Middlebrow is a recap of the week in entertainment, celebrity and television news that provides a comprehensive look at the state of pop culture. From the rock bottom to highfalutin, Middlebrow is ...
'But They Use Human Shields!'
31 Jul 2014 at 9:52am
If truth is the first casualty of war, then ethics, its twin sister, dies in the same explosion. Karl Barth, perhaps the 20th century's most famous theologian, lived through two European wars and ...
On African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement in Rhode Island
31 Jul 2014 at 9:20am
In the late 1700s there were about 427 free black men and 48 slaves living in Providence, the capital of Rhode Island. By 1825, Providence had 1,414 free black men and four slaves. Premiere attempt...
Beyonce's Father Is Teaching A Course On How To Be The Next Beyonce
31 Jul 2014 at 9:02am
Do you want to be the next Beyonce? Shhh, no need to answer that, it was a rhetorical question. We'd guess that it requires a combination of being blessed with incredible natural talent, a perfec...
Is It Your Job To Warn An Ex's New Flame?
31 Jul 2014 at 8:56am
By Tara Eisenhard for DivorcedMoms.com Many years ago, I found myself standing in my boyfriend?s home, listening patiently as he argued with his ex on the phone. It was one of those petty discussi...
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College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. More broadly, it can be the name of any group of colleagues (see, for example electoral college, College of Arms, College of Cardinals). Originally, it meant a group of persons living together under a common set of rules (con- = "together" + leg- = "law" or lego = "I choose"); indeed, some colleges call their members "fellows". The precise usage of the term varies among English-speaking countries.
1. The Origin of the United States Usage:
The founders of the first institutions of higher education in the United States were graduates of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The small institutions they founded would not have seemed to them like universities — they were tiny and did not offer the higher degrees in medicine and theology. Furthermore, they were not composed of several small colleges. Instead, the new institutions felt like the Oxford and Cambridge colleges they were used to — small communities, housing and feeding their students, with instruction from residential tutors (as in the United Kingdom, described above). When the first students came to be graduated, these "colleges" assumed the right to confer degrees upon them, usually with authority -- for example, the College of William and Mary has a Royal Charter from the British monarchy allowing it to confer degrees while Dartmouth College has a charter permitting it to award degrees "as are usually granted in either of the universities, or any other college in our realm of Great Britain."
Contrast this with Europe, where only universities could grant degrees. The leaders of Harvard College (which granted America's first degrees in 1642) might have thought of their college as the first of many residential colleges which would grow up into a New Cambridge university. However, over time, few new colleges were founded there, and Harvard grew and added higher faculties. Eventually, it changed its title to university, but the term "college" had stuck and "colleges" have arisen across the United States.
Eventually, several prominent colleges/universities were started to train Christian ministers. Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Brown all started to train preachers in the subjects of Bible and theology. However, now these universities teach theology as a more academic than ministerial discipline.
With the rise of Christian education, renowned seminaries and Bible colleges have continued the original purpose of these universities. Criswell College and Dallas Theological Seminary in Dallas; Southern Seminary in Louisville; Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois; and Wheaton College and Graduate School in Wheaton, Illinois are just a few of the institutions that have influenced higher education in Theology in Philosophy to this day.
2. Origin of U.S. State Colleges: The Morrill Act:
In addition to private colleges and universities, the U.S. also has a system of government funded, public universities, also, in many cases, known as State Colleges. This system arose in order to make higher education more easily accessible to the citizenry of the country, specifically to improve agricultural systems by providing training and scholarship in the production and sales of agricultural products, and to provide formal education in “…agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that seemed practical at the time.”
In the 1860s, when this act was established, the original colleges on the east coast, primarily those of the Ivy League and several religious based colleges, were the only form of higher education available, and were often confined only to the children of the elite. A movement arose to bring a form of more practical higher education to the masses, as “…many politicians and educators wanted to make it possible for all young Americans to receive some sort of advanced education.” In 1862 Congress passed a measure that “…made it possible for the new western states to establish colleges for the citizens.”. This was extended to allow all states that had remained with the union during the American Civil War, and eventually all states, to establish such institutions.
Most of the colleges established under the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act have since gone on to become full universities. Some are amongst the elite of the world.
3. The Rest of the English-Speaking World:
Influenced by their origins in the British Empire, by contact with and sometimes imitation of U.S. academia, and even by modern American pop culture, the rest of the English-speaking world seems to have adopted a mix of the U.S. and British practices.
4. United Kingdom:
British usage of the word "college" remains the loosest, encompassing a range of institutions:
* Colleges of further education and adult education.
* "Sixth form colleges", where students study for A Levels, and some specialist schools
* The constituent parts of collegiate universities, especially referring to the independent colleges that make up the * Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and the London, and which provide accommodation and pastoral services at St Andrews and Durham.
* The non-independent constituent parts of collegiate universities such as Kent, Lancaster and York.
Universities, such as Imperial College London (officially a university) and University College London and King's College London (which are universities de facto).
* A name given to large groupings of faculties or departments, notably in the University of Edinburgh, and possibly the University of Birmingham under restructuring plans.
* University Colleges — independent higher education institutions that have been granted degree-awarding powers but not university status.
* Certain private schools (known as "Public" schools in England) for children such as Eton and Winchester.
* Professional associations such as the Royal College of Organists, the Royal College of Surgeons and other various Royal Colleges.
* The College of Justice or Court of Session of Scotland
In general use, a "college" is an institution between secondary school and university, a college of further education and adult education. These institutions were usually called technical colleges, or tech. Recently, however, with the differences in functionality between universities and colleges becoming less clear-cut, and with the phasing out of polytechnical colleges, many people are starting to call such institutions "universities". Many types of institutions have "college" in their names but are not colleges in the general use of the word; Eton College, for example, would be called not a college, but a school, or by its full name.
In relation to universities, the term college normally refers to a part of the university which does not have degree-awarding powers in itself. Degrees are always awarded by universities, colleges are institutions or organisations which prepare students for the degree. In some cases, colleges prepare students for the degree of a university of which the college is a part (eg colleges of the University of London, University of Cambridge, etc.) and in some cases colleges are independent institutions which prepare students to sit as external candidates at other universities (e.g. many higher education colleges prepare students to sit for external examinations of universities). In the past, many of what are now universities with their own degree-awarding powers were colleges which had their degrees awarded by either a federal university (eg Cardiff University) or another university (e.g. many of the post-1992 universities).
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