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4 Sep 2015 at 10:13am
My name is Anthony David Williams, I am an 18-year-old male, and wearing make-up was one of the most rewarding experiences I've ever had in my life. Now that being said, yes, I do identify as a mal...
The Time Has Come to Scrap FAFSA
4 Sep 2015 at 8:33am
When it comes to federal grants for college, the government cannot get out of its own way. The process is encased in bureaucracy. Every family must fill out a mega form in order to receive grants (...
Get A Starbucks Pumpkin Spice Latte Early With This Password
4 Sep 2015 at 8:25am
Unless you've been living under a rock, you're probably aware that Starbucks' Pumpkin Spice Latte officially returns to stores on September 8. But if you discover the secret password, you can unloc...
Men in Masks Roam Campus at Night With Impunity
4 Sep 2015 at 8:11am
The news is brimming with accounts of sexual assault and crime on university campuses across the nation. The prevalence of these assaults and the mishandling of them has prompted drastic efforts su...
Education Department Delays Relief For Defrauded Student Loan Borrowers
4 Sep 2015 at 7:29am
Students who claim they were defrauded by for-profit schools owned by Corinthian Colleges Inc. into taking out federal student loans will have to wait several more months before the Obama administr...
How 'What Do You Mean' Promotes Rape Cutlure
4 Sep 2015 at 6:30am
I'll be the first to admit -- albeit a bit sheepishly -- that I am a Justin Bieber fan. I saw him in concert when I was 15, in the days of "One Less Lonely Girl" and "Baby," but my true fandom hit ...
Why We Need to Reshape What It Means to Be a Person With a Disability
4 Sep 2015 at 6:08am
Before you begin reading this article, I have a question for you. When you hear the word "disabled," what image does it conjure up? Much to my dismay, according to the thesaurus, the synonyms for d...
Why American Youth Need Bernie Sanders
4 Sep 2015 at 4:45am
Flickr Bernie Sanders. It's a name Americans have only begun to know. He's running for president and stands for virtually free 4-year university, health care as a human right and higher taxes on ...
Gay Man Says North Dakota Frat Choked, Beat And Stripped Him
4 Sep 2015 at 4:14am
A gay man believes his outfit of metallic red shorts and a tank top was what triggered what he said was an assault and homophobic taunting during a weekend incident at a University of North Dakota ...
3 Hurt In Machete Attack On University Of Arkansas Campus
3 Sep 2015 at 11:36pm
FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. (AP) — Officials say a man with a machete injured two people during an attack in a wooded area of the University of Arkansas campus.
Texas Coed With Suspended License Drives Barbie Jeep Instead
3 Sep 2015 at 4:09pm
When Tara Monroe got a DWI in March, her dad thought taking away the keys to her car would keep her off the road. Instead, she steered herself toward Internet fame by getting around campus, not on ...
If 10 Famous College Football Players Were Food
3 Sep 2015 at 4:02pm
There's no doubt that one of the best parts about going back to school is knowing that college football is finally here (and not just for the after parties... wink, wink). When it comes to football...
Why Anxiety Doesn't Have To Be A Bad Thing
3 Sep 2015 at 12:24pm
Nobody enjoys anxiety. But for most, it is something that people deal with from time to time and is usually linked to a stressful event in their lives. For me, anxiety is nothing like that. Recen...
Millennials Are Pretty Terrible, According To A Poll Of Millennials
3 Sep 2015 at 11:44am
Most millennials don't actually think of themselves as millennials. A newly released Pew Research Center report finds that, while most Gen X- and baby boomer-aged Americans identify with their gene...
Most People Haven't a Clue That I Starred in a Documentary Called 'My Millenn...
3 Sep 2015 at 10:56am
I was contacted by someone back in April regarding a documentary called "My Millennial Life." It couldn't believe my ears when I was told I was chosen to be featured because well, I didn't think I ...
This Is Every VHS Family Home Movie That?s Ever Existed
3 Sep 2015 at 10:10am
It has everything: poor tracking, big clunky glasses, turtlenecks under sweatshirts and dads in backyard lawn chairs trying to be funny on camera. For anyone who grew up in 1990s suburban America, ...
A College Degree Is Increasingly Likely To Land You In Low-Wage Work
3 Sep 2015 at 9:36am
Trying to get a good job is no longer as easy as pointing to a college degree on your resume (not that it was ever exactly easy). New research from the Washington Center for Equitable Growth shows ...
Graduate Students Hold Walk-Out to Protest Loss of Healthcare Plan, Other Ben...
3 Sep 2015 at 8:44am
Video content property of MUTV Graduate Students at the University of Missouri held a walkout on Wednesday, August 26, a little more than a week after they were notified that they would no longer ...
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College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. More broadly, it can be the name of any group of colleagues (see, for example electoral college, College of Arms, College of Cardinals). Originally, it meant a group of persons living together under a common set of rules (con- = "together" + leg- = "law" or lego = "I choose"); indeed, some colleges call their members "fellows". The precise usage of the term varies among English-speaking countries.
1. The Origin of the United States Usage:
The founders of the first institutions of higher education in the United States were graduates of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The small institutions they founded would not have seemed to them like universities — they were tiny and did not offer the higher degrees in medicine and theology. Furthermore, they were not composed of several small colleges. Instead, the new institutions felt like the Oxford and Cambridge colleges they were used to — small communities, housing and feeding their students, with instruction from residential tutors (as in the United Kingdom, described above). When the first students came to be graduated, these "colleges" assumed the right to confer degrees upon them, usually with authority -- for example, the College of William and Mary has a Royal Charter from the British monarchy allowing it to confer degrees while Dartmouth College has a charter permitting it to award degrees "as are usually granted in either of the universities, or any other college in our realm of Great Britain."
Contrast this with Europe, where only universities could grant degrees. The leaders of Harvard College (which granted America's first degrees in 1642) might have thought of their college as the first of many residential colleges which would grow up into a New Cambridge university. However, over time, few new colleges were founded there, and Harvard grew and added higher faculties. Eventually, it changed its title to university, but the term "college" had stuck and "colleges" have arisen across the United States.
Eventually, several prominent colleges/universities were started to train Christian ministers. Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Brown all started to train preachers in the subjects of Bible and theology. However, now these universities teach theology as a more academic than ministerial discipline.
With the rise of Christian education, renowned seminaries and Bible colleges have continued the original purpose of these universities. Criswell College and Dallas Theological Seminary in Dallas; Southern Seminary in Louisville; Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois; and Wheaton College and Graduate School in Wheaton, Illinois are just a few of the institutions that have influenced higher education in Theology in Philosophy to this day.
2. Origin of U.S. State Colleges: The Morrill Act:
In addition to private colleges and universities, the U.S. also has a system of government funded, public universities, also, in many cases, known as State Colleges. This system arose in order to make higher education more easily accessible to the citizenry of the country, specifically to improve agricultural systems by providing training and scholarship in the production and sales of agricultural products, and to provide formal education in “…agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that seemed practical at the time.”
In the 1860s, when this act was established, the original colleges on the east coast, primarily those of the Ivy League and several religious based colleges, were the only form of higher education available, and were often confined only to the children of the elite. A movement arose to bring a form of more practical higher education to the masses, as “…many politicians and educators wanted to make it possible for all young Americans to receive some sort of advanced education.” In 1862 Congress passed a measure that “…made it possible for the new western states to establish colleges for the citizens.”. This was extended to allow all states that had remained with the union during the American Civil War, and eventually all states, to establish such institutions.
Most of the colleges established under the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act have since gone on to become full universities. Some are amongst the elite of the world.
3. The Rest of the English-Speaking World:
Influenced by their origins in the British Empire, by contact with and sometimes imitation of U.S. academia, and even by modern American pop culture, the rest of the English-speaking world seems to have adopted a mix of the U.S. and British practices.
4. United Kingdom:
British usage of the word "college" remains the loosest, encompassing a range of institutions:
* Colleges of further education and adult education.
* "Sixth form colleges", where students study for A Levels, and some specialist schools
* The constituent parts of collegiate universities, especially referring to the independent colleges that make up the * Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and the London, and which provide accommodation and pastoral services at St Andrews and Durham.
* The non-independent constituent parts of collegiate universities such as Kent, Lancaster and York.
Universities, such as Imperial College London (officially a university) and University College London and King's College London (which are universities de facto).
* A name given to large groupings of faculties or departments, notably in the University of Edinburgh, and possibly the University of Birmingham under restructuring plans.
* University Colleges — independent higher education institutions that have been granted degree-awarding powers but not university status.
* Certain private schools (known as "Public" schools in England) for children such as Eton and Winchester.
* Professional associations such as the Royal College of Organists, the Royal College of Surgeons and other various Royal Colleges.
* The College of Justice or Court of Session of Scotland
In general use, a "college" is an institution between secondary school and university, a college of further education and adult education. These institutions were usually called technical colleges, or tech. Recently, however, with the differences in functionality between universities and colleges becoming less clear-cut, and with the phasing out of polytechnical colleges, many people are starting to call such institutions "universities". Many types of institutions have "college" in their names but are not colleges in the general use of the word; Eton College, for example, would be called not a college, but a school, or by its full name.
In relation to universities, the term college normally refers to a part of the university which does not have degree-awarding powers in itself. Degrees are always awarded by universities, colleges are institutions or organisations which prepare students for the degree. In some cases, colleges prepare students for the degree of a university of which the college is a part (eg colleges of the University of London, University of Cambridge, etc.) and in some cases colleges are independent institutions which prepare students to sit as external candidates at other universities (e.g. many higher education colleges prepare students to sit for external examinations of universities). In the past, many of what are now universities with their own degree-awarding powers were colleges which had their degrees awarded by either a federal university (eg Cardiff University) or another university (e.g. many of the post-1992 universities).
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