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Newsflash: Young Women Vote With Their Brains
6 Feb 2016 at 4:05pm
A reminder to anyone who seems to have forgotten: Young women are fully-fledged human beings who are more than capable of choosing who to vote for in a thoughtful manner.
There's Something Lily-Rose Depp Wants You To Know About Her Sexuality
6 Feb 2016 at 7:32am
Lily-Rose Depp wants to set the record straight about her sexuality -- so to speak. The 16-year-old model and actress made headlines last year when she came out as "[falling] somewhere on the vast ...
Why Is the Ivy League Elite?
5 Feb 2016 at 4:14pm
When I was younger and thought of the Ivy League, I had visions of grandeur and prosperity. I believed that it was the melting pot for the cream of the crop. Books such as Ugly Americans convinced ...
The Outfit That Got This Woman Kicked Out Of Her School's Gym
5 Feb 2016 at 2:56pm
When Grace DiChristina went to the Santa Clara University gym on Jan. 20, for a workout, she wasn't expecting to be thrown out for a dress code violation. The college student wore a pair of black g...
The Elephant in the Room: Cell Phone Use and Social Media
5 Feb 2016 at 2:35pm
Since the fall semester of my freshman year, I have noticed an interesting phenomenon among my classmates as well as in myself: it appears that we have forgotten how to hold a conversation. I walk ...
Three Questions High School Seniors Should Ask When Choosing a College
5 Feb 2016 at 12:47pm
If you are a high school senior in the United States, or one's parent, the next few months will be a whirlwind as you wind down your high school career and begin receiving acceptance letters from t...
The Advantage of a Liberal Arts Living Space
5 Feb 2016 at 12:03pm
You wake up in your senior year apartment and you head through the house towards the bathroom. On the way, you side step one roommate's books with gray scale covers about the Holocaust, and an unba...
No, There Was No Debate About Removing An MLK Quote At The University Of Oregon
5 Feb 2016 at 11:56am
Multiple news outlets reported in the past two weeks that students at the University of Oregon nearly removed a Martin Luther King Jr. quote from a campus building because it was not inclusive enou...
This Middle School Is Helping Students Earn College Credits
5 Feb 2016 at 11:45am
This piece comes to us courtesy of EdSource, where it was originally published. The students giggle, squirm and whisper to each other as their instructor gets ready to begin. It’s the start of a ty...
The 20 Funniest Tweets From Women This Week
5 Feb 2016 at 11:29am
The ladies of Twitter never fail to brighten our days with their brilliant -- but succinct -- wisdom. Each week, HuffPost Women rounds up hilarious 140-character musings. For this week's great twee...
The Formula to Happiness
5 Feb 2016 at 11:21am
You're three days into your new job, and you're already discouraged. Everyone else is getting the hang of it much faster than you are. They're having success, and you're being left in the dust. Who...
Let's Stop Glorifying Sleep Deprivation
5 Feb 2016 at 9:10am
It took me one semester of six all-nighters, a three-week cold and some dramatic shifts in my social life for me to get it: sleep matters. It's no secret that college students don't get enough sl...
A Teacher's Regrets
5 Feb 2016 at 8:26am
I was 23 and had landed a job as a teacher in Skaneateles, NY, a village that sits at the northern tip of one of the pristine Finger Lakes. I didn't know much, but fresh from college, I didn't know...
How Art History Taught Me That I, A Woman Of Color, Could Create
5 Feb 2016 at 8:01am
Throughout elementary and junior high, I had been a straight-A student. But by high school, I had become a slacker who made an effort in the only two classes that didn’t bore me -- English and Art....
Obama Ridiculed For Sluggish Moves On College Accreditation
5 Feb 2016 at 2:03am
In November, following the failure of an accredited for-profit college chain that state and federal regulators had accused of mass fraud, then-Education Secretary Arne Duncan gave his top deputies ...
Sanders Campaign Is a Genuine Progressive Social Movement for Democracy
4 Feb 2016 at 6:32pm
Bernie Sanders' campaign has already accomplished what most observers -- including many of his supporters -- thought was impossible. Coming from 40 points behind in the polls when the campaign bega...
Higher Education Group Roiled By Sexual Assault Claim Against Board Member
4 Feb 2016 at 4:33pm
A top official in a higher education group representing administrators who handle student misconduct cases resigned after a fellow board member accused him of sexual assault. Jill Creighton accuse...
Why I Paid Myself $72,000 to Teach College
4 Feb 2016 at 12:47pm
Unlike most adjunct professors who face economic hardships, I did exactly this (paid myself) for six years. I had been a technical writer for 30 years and along the way some gigs paid well. I saved...
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College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. More broadly, it can be the name of any group of colleagues (see, for example electoral college, College of Arms, College of Cardinals). Originally, it meant a group of persons living together under a common set of rules (con- = "together" + leg- = "law" or lego = "I choose"); indeed, some colleges call their members "fellows". The precise usage of the term varies among English-speaking countries.
1. The Origin of the United States Usage:
The founders of the first institutions of higher education in the United States were graduates of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The small institutions they founded would not have seemed to them like universities — they were tiny and did not offer the higher degrees in medicine and theology. Furthermore, they were not composed of several small colleges. Instead, the new institutions felt like the Oxford and Cambridge colleges they were used to — small communities, housing and feeding their students, with instruction from residential tutors (as in the United Kingdom, described above). When the first students came to be graduated, these "colleges" assumed the right to confer degrees upon them, usually with authority -- for example, the College of William and Mary has a Royal Charter from the British monarchy allowing it to confer degrees while Dartmouth College has a charter permitting it to award degrees "as are usually granted in either of the universities, or any other college in our realm of Great Britain."
Contrast this with Europe, where only universities could grant degrees. The leaders of Harvard College (which granted America's first degrees in 1642) might have thought of their college as the first of many residential colleges which would grow up into a New Cambridge university. However, over time, few new colleges were founded there, and Harvard grew and added higher faculties. Eventually, it changed its title to university, but the term "college" had stuck and "colleges" have arisen across the United States.
Eventually, several prominent colleges/universities were started to train Christian ministers. Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Brown all started to train preachers in the subjects of Bible and theology. However, now these universities teach theology as a more academic than ministerial discipline.
With the rise of Christian education, renowned seminaries and Bible colleges have continued the original purpose of these universities. Criswell College and Dallas Theological Seminary in Dallas; Southern Seminary in Louisville; Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois; and Wheaton College and Graduate School in Wheaton, Illinois are just a few of the institutions that have influenced higher education in Theology in Philosophy to this day.
2. Origin of U.S. State Colleges: The Morrill Act:
In addition to private colleges and universities, the U.S. also has a system of government funded, public universities, also, in many cases, known as State Colleges. This system arose in order to make higher education more easily accessible to the citizenry of the country, specifically to improve agricultural systems by providing training and scholarship in the production and sales of agricultural products, and to provide formal education in “…agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that seemed practical at the time.”
In the 1860s, when this act was established, the original colleges on the east coast, primarily those of the Ivy League and several religious based colleges, were the only form of higher education available, and were often confined only to the children of the elite. A movement arose to bring a form of more practical higher education to the masses, as “…many politicians and educators wanted to make it possible for all young Americans to receive some sort of advanced education.” In 1862 Congress passed a measure that “…made it possible for the new western states to establish colleges for the citizens.”. This was extended to allow all states that had remained with the union during the American Civil War, and eventually all states, to establish such institutions.
Most of the colleges established under the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act have since gone on to become full universities. Some are amongst the elite of the world.
3. The Rest of the English-Speaking World:
Influenced by their origins in the British Empire, by contact with and sometimes imitation of U.S. academia, and even by modern American pop culture, the rest of the English-speaking world seems to have adopted a mix of the U.S. and British practices.
4. United Kingdom:
British usage of the word "college" remains the loosest, encompassing a range of institutions:
* Colleges of further education and adult education.
* "Sixth form colleges", where students study for A Levels, and some specialist schools
* The constituent parts of collegiate universities, especially referring to the independent colleges that make up the * Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and the London, and which provide accommodation and pastoral services at St Andrews and Durham.
* The non-independent constituent parts of collegiate universities such as Kent, Lancaster and York.
Universities, such as Imperial College London (officially a university) and University College London and King's College London (which are universities de facto).
* A name given to large groupings of faculties or departments, notably in the University of Edinburgh, and possibly the University of Birmingham under restructuring plans.
* University Colleges — independent higher education institutions that have been granted degree-awarding powers but not university status.
* Certain private schools (known as "Public" schools in England) for children such as Eton and Winchester.
* Professional associations such as the Royal College of Organists, the Royal College of Surgeons and other various Royal Colleges.
* The College of Justice or Court of Session of Scotland
In general use, a "college" is an institution between secondary school and university, a college of further education and adult education. These institutions were usually called technical colleges, or tech. Recently, however, with the differences in functionality between universities and colleges becoming less clear-cut, and with the phasing out of polytechnical colleges, many people are starting to call such institutions "universities". Many types of institutions have "college" in their names but are not colleges in the general use of the word; Eton College, for example, would be called not a college, but a school, or by its full name.
In relation to universities, the term college normally refers to a part of the university which does not have degree-awarding powers in itself. Degrees are always awarded by universities, colleges are institutions or organisations which prepare students for the degree. In some cases, colleges prepare students for the degree of a university of which the college is a part (eg colleges of the University of London, University of Cambridge, etc.) and in some cases colleges are independent institutions which prepare students to sit as external candidates at other universities (e.g. many higher education colleges prepare students to sit for external examinations of universities). In the past, many of what are now universities with their own degree-awarding powers were colleges which had their degrees awarded by either a federal university (eg Cardiff University) or another university (e.g. many of the post-1992 universities).
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