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Dear Fellow Humans
27 Nov 2015 at 1:08pm
This address was given at the UCC Quercus Entrance Scholarship Awards Ceremony at University College Cork in Ireland on November 26, 2015. I thought I would reply the love letter with a speech to y...
The Numbers Don't Lie: Firing the Longtime Winning Coach Is a Bad Idea
27 Nov 2015 at 8:36am
A number of schools are considering firing their longtime successful coaches, in the hopes of getting a more successful one. Should they do so? An analysis of previous cases shows that axing your s...
It's Time to Choose on Climate
27 Nov 2015 at 8:03am
Does the world need another film about climate change?
Why Brown University's $100 Million Plan to Improve Race Relations Falls Short
26 Nov 2015 at 11:29am
This document was composed by a Coalition of Concerned Graduate Students of Color and those in Solidarity at Brown University. The author listed on this statement is solely a contact for the press ...
FSU Official Says Athletes Get Favorable Treatment
26 Nov 2015 at 8:19am
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) -- The Florida State University official once in charge of the office that counsels campus rape victims told lawyers suing the school that football players receive special tr...
10 Things Grateful People Do Differently
26 Nov 2015 at 5:39am
Ralph Waldo Emerson once said that in order to achieve contentment, one should "cultivate the habit of being grateful for every good thing that comes to you, and to give thanks continuously." Turns...
6 'Wow' Gifts Sure To Please Every Hard-To-Buy-For Teen
26 Nov 2015 at 5:15am
Teenagers are frequently the hardest-to-shop-for people on our holiday list. Tired of just giving them a gift card or cash? We asked the teens in our lives what they most wanted, besides a car. (**...
A Thank You Note to The Huffington Post
25 Nov 2015 at 2:16pm
In the spirit of Thanksgiving (which is indeed a holiday, despite people's best efforts to skip over it and go straight to Christmas), I've decided to write a blog post over something I am and have...
An Insider's Look at Germany
25 Nov 2015 at 1:56pm
By College Tourist; Author: Samantha McIsaac, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth With Oktoberfest, the Berlin Wall, and beautiful cathedrals in every city, Germany is the perfect spot for any c...
Princeton Students Protest Protesters
25 Nov 2015 at 12:39pm
A group of Princeton University students sent a letter this week to Christopher L. Eisgruber, the school's president, asking to meet with him so they can argue in favor of keeping Woodrow Wilson's ...
5 Reasons Why A Sorority Girl Should Take a "Little"
25 Nov 2015 at 12:36pm
I took my first "Little" during Spring recruitment of my Freshman year. My "Big" has always been my guide, not only in learning more about my sorority, but she also introduced me to the Greek famil...
Why You Should Fix What Isn't Broken: My Charge to You to Study Abroad
25 Nov 2015 at 12:11pm
Co-authored by Samantha Carp, writing intern at Avelist I was indifferent to studying abroad. Sophomore year of college was going well; I loved my classes and friends and saw no reason to stir t...
Which College is the Best Financial Investment?
25 Nov 2015 at 12:08pm
The White House recently revealed a great new website to research colleges using aggregate data collected on colleges by both the Department of Education and the Treasury. The original goal for thi...
The 20 Funniest Tweets From Women This Week
25 Nov 2015 at 11:53am
The ladies of Twitter never fail to brighten our days with their brilliant -- but succinct -- wisdom. Each week, HuffPost Women rounds up hilarious 140-character musings. For this week's great twee...
Where You Should Study Abroad Based on Your Personality
25 Nov 2015 at 11:53am
Co-authored by Elena Nicolaou, writing intern at Avelist It's said that people travel to see the world. And you do see the world when traveling. You walk down streets that curve differently than...
Red Bull Gives College Students Some Truly Terrible Sleep Advice
25 Nov 2015 at 11:44am
Nobody ever wishes they'd slept more during college. @RedBullORL @jluddd pic.twitter.com/0Ul9FvtGme— Sean Murphy (@air_murphy) September 10, 2013 "Nobody ever wishes they'd slept more during coll...
Ohio State Is Axing One Of Its Football Traditions After Student Death
25 Nov 2015 at 11:44am
A college football tradition turned tragic early Wednesday morning when an unidentified Ohio State student went into cardiac arrest shortly after jumping into an on-campus lake as part of the Mirro...
Don't Buy Your Rich Friends A Tablet For Christmas
25 Nov 2015 at 11:36am
Tablets like the iPad and Amazon Fire might seem like the perfect holiday gifts, but think twice: New research suggests your friends have one already, especially if they're wealthy. The Pew Researc...
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College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. More broadly, it can be the name of any group of colleagues (see, for example electoral college, College of Arms, College of Cardinals). Originally, it meant a group of persons living together under a common set of rules (con- = "together" + leg- = "law" or lego = "I choose"); indeed, some colleges call their members "fellows". The precise usage of the term varies among English-speaking countries.
1. The Origin of the United States Usage:
The founders of the first institutions of higher education in the United States were graduates of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The small institutions they founded would not have seemed to them like universities — they were tiny and did not offer the higher degrees in medicine and theology. Furthermore, they were not composed of several small colleges. Instead, the new institutions felt like the Oxford and Cambridge colleges they were used to — small communities, housing and feeding their students, with instruction from residential tutors (as in the United Kingdom, described above). When the first students came to be graduated, these "colleges" assumed the right to confer degrees upon them, usually with authority -- for example, the College of William and Mary has a Royal Charter from the British monarchy allowing it to confer degrees while Dartmouth College has a charter permitting it to award degrees "as are usually granted in either of the universities, or any other college in our realm of Great Britain."
Contrast this with Europe, where only universities could grant degrees. The leaders of Harvard College (which granted America's first degrees in 1642) might have thought of their college as the first of many residential colleges which would grow up into a New Cambridge university. However, over time, few new colleges were founded there, and Harvard grew and added higher faculties. Eventually, it changed its title to university, but the term "college" had stuck and "colleges" have arisen across the United States.
Eventually, several prominent colleges/universities were started to train Christian ministers. Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Brown all started to train preachers in the subjects of Bible and theology. However, now these universities teach theology as a more academic than ministerial discipline.
With the rise of Christian education, renowned seminaries and Bible colleges have continued the original purpose of these universities. Criswell College and Dallas Theological Seminary in Dallas; Southern Seminary in Louisville; Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois; and Wheaton College and Graduate School in Wheaton, Illinois are just a few of the institutions that have influenced higher education in Theology in Philosophy to this day.
2. Origin of U.S. State Colleges: The Morrill Act:
In addition to private colleges and universities, the U.S. also has a system of government funded, public universities, also, in many cases, known as State Colleges. This system arose in order to make higher education more easily accessible to the citizenry of the country, specifically to improve agricultural systems by providing training and scholarship in the production and sales of agricultural products, and to provide formal education in “…agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that seemed practical at the time.”
In the 1860s, when this act was established, the original colleges on the east coast, primarily those of the Ivy League and several religious based colleges, were the only form of higher education available, and were often confined only to the children of the elite. A movement arose to bring a form of more practical higher education to the masses, as “…many politicians and educators wanted to make it possible for all young Americans to receive some sort of advanced education.” In 1862 Congress passed a measure that “…made it possible for the new western states to establish colleges for the citizens.”. This was extended to allow all states that had remained with the union during the American Civil War, and eventually all states, to establish such institutions.
Most of the colleges established under the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act have since gone on to become full universities. Some are amongst the elite of the world.
3. The Rest of the English-Speaking World:
Influenced by their origins in the British Empire, by contact with and sometimes imitation of U.S. academia, and even by modern American pop culture, the rest of the English-speaking world seems to have adopted a mix of the U.S. and British practices.
4. United Kingdom:
British usage of the word "college" remains the loosest, encompassing a range of institutions:
* Colleges of further education and adult education.
* "Sixth form colleges", where students study for A Levels, and some specialist schools
* The constituent parts of collegiate universities, especially referring to the independent colleges that make up the * Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and the London, and which provide accommodation and pastoral services at St Andrews and Durham.
* The non-independent constituent parts of collegiate universities such as Kent, Lancaster and York.
Universities, such as Imperial College London (officially a university) and University College London and King's College London (which are universities de facto).
* A name given to large groupings of faculties or departments, notably in the University of Edinburgh, and possibly the University of Birmingham under restructuring plans.
* University Colleges — independent higher education institutions that have been granted degree-awarding powers but not university status.
* Certain private schools (known as "Public" schools in England) for children such as Eton and Winchester.
* Professional associations such as the Royal College of Organists, the Royal College of Surgeons and other various Royal Colleges.
* The College of Justice or Court of Session of Scotland
In general use, a "college" is an institution between secondary school and university, a college of further education and adult education. These institutions were usually called technical colleges, or tech. Recently, however, with the differences in functionality between universities and colleges becoming less clear-cut, and with the phasing out of polytechnical colleges, many people are starting to call such institutions "universities". Many types of institutions have "college" in their names but are not colleges in the general use of the word; Eton College, for example, would be called not a college, but a school, or by its full name.
In relation to universities, the term college normally refers to a part of the university which does not have degree-awarding powers in itself. Degrees are always awarded by universities, colleges are institutions or organisations which prepare students for the degree. In some cases, colleges prepare students for the degree of a university of which the college is a part (eg colleges of the University of London, University of Cambridge, etc.) and in some cases colleges are independent institutions which prepare students to sit as external candidates at other universities (e.g. many higher education colleges prepare students to sit for external examinations of universities). In the past, many of what are now universities with their own degree-awarding powers were colleges which had their degrees awarded by either a federal university (eg Cardiff University) or another university (e.g. many of the post-1992 universities).
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